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Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation


Freie Universität Berlin Springe just click for source zu Inhalt. Service-Navigation Home Kontakt Impressum. Dissertationen online der Freien Universität Berlin. Suche Browsen Autorenbereich Service Dokumentenserver. Zoonotic and spoilage bacteria in a meat production and a processing line in Ethiopia Woshie, Adem Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation. Zoonotic and spoilage bacteria in a meat production and a processing line in Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation. Zoonose- und Read article in zwei Fleisch produzierenden und verarbeitenden Linien in Äthiopien Rind.

Woshie, Adem Hiko Geburtsort: Ethiopia; Food chains; hygiene; zoonosis; public health; meat quality; meat hygiene; beef; pulsed field electrophoresis. In Ethiopia, little information is available on the Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation of food safety.

It was the aim of this study to detect points of risk in meat and product contamination; to assess the prevalence of Salmonella Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation and E.

The study was conducted from December to April in two beef production and supply lines. All samples were examined for Salmonella and E. Possible sources and transmission routes of Salmonella serotypes were tracked based upon genetic similarity and differences of the obtained same serotype relation. All Salmonella and E. Within both lines, sampling occasions, locations and directions in the production, processing and supply of the final product were considered and taken into account for data management and analysis.

Numerical data from spoilage bacteria counts were calculated in logarithmic function and compared using single and paired t-tests. Abattoir line Spoilage bacteria: Due to learn more here heavy contamination of the abattoir spoilage bacteria were only assessed at the processing plant line.

Salmonella prevalence was higher for abattoir environment Saintpaul, followed by 5. In this line, a prevalence of S. The PFGE pattern showed 1, 2 and 6 pulsotypes with 1 to 14 ratios of isolates to Computer-Dissertation in serotypes and 1 to 7 pulsotypes Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation 1 to 2. Based on genomic similarity, transmission routes were identified for S.

Saintpaul SSaX2S. Muenchen SMuX1S. With regard to E. This prevalence essentially agreed with prevalences of the environment Prevalence at individual sampling locations ranged from Processing plant line Parameters tested here were spoilage bacteria, Salmonella and E. Highest APC of 5. EBC ranged from high 3. This difference ranged from 2. Using APC, microbiological quality of products in total was found to be good in In click, by EBC A total of 23 Salmonella isolates 5.

Prevalence in theenvironment 5. Only one isolate was observed in a single supermarket, the others being negative. A total of seven serotypes with a high ratio of prevalence to proportion 1. Unidentified Salmonella strains were also obtained from this line. Possible transmission of S. London SLoX1 was Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation on the 1st sampling occasion from raw beef samples to working tables which were also positive on the 2nd sampling occasion.

A similar pulsotype within each of S. Anatum SAnX1S. London SLoX1 and S. Muenchen SMuX1 from raw beef on the 1st, 2nd and 6th sampling occasions was observed, respectively Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation that the contaminated meat was coming from the same sources. The overall prevalence along the processing plant line There was no difference in prevalence among and between products from all supermarkets.

Susceptibility to OT was Resistance Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation high A total of 55 High resistance was detected in S. Strains of higher resistance were Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation at the abattoir line Single-drug resistant strains were more frequent Multiple drug resistance MDR in the strains was only 3. Resistance to OT was frequently observed.

Distribution of strains resistant to individual drugs in both abattoir and processing plant lines was 1. Furthermore, their susceptibility to AML was between This was true overall for isolates from the abattoir line and the processing plant line. High frequencies of resistant strains to OT A total of Higher frequencies of resistant strains were observed at the processing plant line Single-drug resistant isolates Isolates resistant to OT were frequently observed.

The total distribution of strains resistant to individual drugs both at the abattoir and at the source plant line showed differences.

The extent of resistance to each drug in increasing order was PB 1. Observation of Salmonella and E. Higher Salmonella prevalence In this study, occurrence of S. London was reported for Ethiopia for the first time.

Larochelle showed indistinguishable profiles. Resistance was high to oxytetracycline. Findings revealed prevalence of the agents and the need for improvement, regular monitoring and application of HACCP during production, processing, handling and supply of products. Furthermore, resistance of Salmonella and E.

This drug is marketed, it is popular and widely used in the veterinary sector in Ethiopia. The further use of this drug thus should be questionned in light Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation the high prevalence of resistant strains Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation the country.

Source emphasis should be put tohygiene toimprove beef Dickdarmkrebs-Phd-These line, to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, to further screening of the present isolates of E.


Dissertation Tesfaye Ayalew

Dokumente aus mehr als Kostenfrei in Firmenprofilen nach Lieferanten, Herstellern, Dienstleistern und Händlern recherchieren. Bereits bei geringen Durchdringungsraten kann es zu Grenzwertverletzungen bezüglich der Spannungen und Kabelauslastungen kommen. Besonders die steigenden Leistungsspitzen werden zukünftig hohe Click mit sich bringen. Erste weitreichende Untersuchungen zeigen, dass eine hohe Durchdringungsrate nur integriert werden kann, wenn Ladestrategien weiterentwickelt und schrittweise in die Niederspannungsnetze etabliert werden.

Um die Elektromobilität volkswirtschaftlich einbinden zu können, müssen dazu alle Interessensvertreter ihren Beitrag leisten. Wir verwenden Cookies, um Ihnen die beste Benutzererfahrung zu Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation. Abstract Increasing solid waste Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation is a major concern worldwide, with least developed countries LDCs particularly affected due to ineffective kaufen Überzeugungsreden management systems.

This article assessed the current status of solid waste management in Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation from waste generation to disposal. Solid waste generation in LDCs averages 0. Waste collection is also low and due to irregular waste collection, many people in Думаю, Wie schreibe ich ein Dissertationsthema?

Вашем resort to illegal practices such as illegal dumping or open burning of wastes. Sanitary landfilling is almost non-existent in LDCs with some of the few landfills present severely lacking in effective leachate or gas collection systems. While recycling is carried out in some LDCs, the most common practice is to collect recyclables for exportation.

Similarly, composting of solid waste exists mainly on small-scale while biogas plants present in LDCs are used mostly for treatment of animal manure. Some of the challenges faced by LDCs include lack of funding, infrastructure, legislations, knowledge, and awareness on solid waste issues. However, there is a huge potential for job creation in the solid waste management field including waste collection, recycling, composting and even sanitary landfilling.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten Jetzt einloggen Kostenlos registrieren. Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte: Springer Professional "Technik" Online-Abonnement. J Appl Environ Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation Sci 2: Wang L ed Sustainable bioenergy production.

J Mater Cycles Waste Manag Chi Y, Dong J, Tang Y et al Life cycle assessment of municipal solid waste source-separated collection and integrated waste management systems in Hangzhou, China.

Medina M Municipal solid Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation management in third world cities: The World Bank What a waste: Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol Int J Environ Sci Dev 3: Marshall RE, Farahbakhsh K Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries. Zurbrügg C Urban solid waste management in low-income countries of Asia: Khatib IA Municipal solid waste management in developing countries: Accessed 23 Jul Kawai K, Tasaki T Revisiting estimates of municipal solid waste generation Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation capita and their reliability.

UNDP Table 1: Human Development Index and its components. Accessed 22 Apr Waste Manag Res Sci J Environ Eng Res. European Commission Integrated waste Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation in western Africa. J Environ Prot Irvine Calif 2: Forouhar A Solid waste management in post conflict countries: Ministry of Environment Solid waste management of Cambodia. Haramaya University, Dire Dawa.

Climate and Clean Air Coalition Solid waste management city profile: Int J Eng Res Technol 3: J Environ Prot Irvine Calif 4: Environ Monit Assess UN-Habitat Cities and climate change initiative: Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa. ADB Go here waste management in the Pacific: Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

Bingh LP Opportunities for utilizing waste biomass for energy in Uganda. Current Status and Policy Recommendations, Philippines. Brown LM Assessment and appropriate design of integrated solid waste management systems in Koulikoro, Mali. Green Lotus Waste. Centre de Ressources pour le Developpement Durable en Asie. Accessed 26 Apr Martin KK, Qi S, Yata SL The impact of poor municipal solid waste management practices and sanitation status on water quality and public health in cities of the least developed countries: Int J Appl Sci Technol 3: Accessed 30 Apr Accessed 18 Apr Barre J Waste market in Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation Malawi—a way out of poverty?

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. The New Times Rwandans take on solid waste http://arcobel.info/christine-hiemstra-doktorarbeit.php. Current Situation and Key Challenges. Liang C, Das KC, McClendon R The influence of temperature and moisture Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation regimes on the aerobic microbial activity of a biosolids composting blend.

Twesigye R A case study on the uganda municipal solid waste compost Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation. Linzner R Decentralised composting of market waste and use in urban agriculture. Urban Agriculture magazine, No. A pilot project for the improvement of hygienic conditions through integrated approach-es for waste management and basic sanitation in Lokossa, Benin, GIZ. Renew Sustain Energy Rev Murphy BJ First biogas plant in Laos activated. ACED Producing biogas from water hyacinth.

UNDP The biogas solution: Helle T Providing clean and affordable energy from biomass waste to the rural community of Pata, Senegal. African Review Zambia plan to launch multi-million dollar biogas project. The Gaia-Movement Biogas Mozambique. Ministry of Infrastructure Biogas. Proceedings of the 15th annual paper meet. Penjor D, Zam D Biogas project overview: Government of Timor-Leste Renewable energies: Stenkjaer N Biogas in Mali.

Shaw A Biogas plant construction training, Amatuku Tuvalu. Mittal S Bangladesh plans Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation first waste-based power plant. Mitchell J Waste-to-energy plant will put Haiti trash to use. Environmental Council of Zambia Minimum specifications for health care waste incineration.

Gei Mekong Reclaiming resources from waste pyrolysis projects: Addis Ababa Universität elektronische Bibliothek Dissertation Solid waste management in least developed countries:


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The first was the Addis Ababa Abattoir Enterprise (AAAE) abbatoir with its recipient city butchers’ in Addis Ababa city - “the abattoir line” - while the second was a beef processing plant located some 47 km out of Addis Ababa at Bishoftu/Debre Zeit town with its product recipient supermarkets in Addis Ababa city - “the processing plant line”.
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In der InWent Bibliothek Bonn stehen sehr viele Dissertation. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. arcobel.info MA Thesis. Addis Ababa.
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Tesfaye Ayalew Lorenz Müller Gasse 1A/ A Wien, Österreich Matr. Nr. geboren am Juni in Addis Ababa 1. 6 Scope of the Dissertation. 2.
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Born in Ethiopia in , Betel Bekele Birhanu earned her MA in International Relations from Addis Ababa University in She also obtained her BA in Political.
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Tesfaye Ayalew Lorenz Müller Gasse 1A/ A Wien, Österreich Matr. Nr. geboren am Juni in Addis Ababa 1. 6 Scope of the Dissertation. 2.
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